Central Line Bloodstream Infection (CLI-BSI)

Patient safety is a key corporate priority for the Brant Community Healthcare System. This involves ensuring that patients are not at risk for contracting healthcare associated infections.

As part of an overall initiative, all hospitals with ICUs are required to report into the Critical Care Information System, where hospitals report a variety of critical care information. The data for CLI-BSI comes from here.

Ontario hospitals post quarterly CLI-BSI rates and case counts for those infections acquired in their facility, using the following formula:

Total # of ICU related BSIs after 48 hours of central line placement x 1000
Total # of central line days for ICU patients 18 years and older 


When a patient requires long-term access to medications of fluids through an IV, a central line is put in place. A central line blood stream infection can occur when bacteria and/or fungi enters the blood stream, causing a patient to become sick. The bacteria can come from a variety of places (e.g., skin, wounds, environment, etc.) though it most often comes from a patient’s skin.

Hospitals follow best practices on how to prevent bacteria from entering into a central, line. Patients in the ICU often require a central line since they are seriously ill and will require a lot of medication, for a long period of time.

If you have further questions regarding CLI-BSIs or infection control please contact us.

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